Avoiding Plagiarism: Quoting
When the words of an expert, authority, or relevant individual are particularly clear or expressive, you may want to quote them. Do not quote all the time; save quotes for instances where the wording is especially powerful.
When should I quote?
- When language is particularly vivid or expressive.
- When exact wording is needed for technical accuracy.
- When the words of an important authority lend weight to an argument.
How do I show I am quoting?
... If you fail to do this, it is plagiarism.
- Name the source in an introductory phrase.
- Use quotation marks or indent long quotations.
- Cite the source appropriately.
Because of their unique perspective, Americans fear globalization less than anyone else, and, as a consequence, they think about it less than anyone else. When Americans do think about globalization, they think of the global economy as an enlarged version of the American economy.
Thurow, L. (1993).
Fortune Favors the Bold (p. 6). New York: Harper Collins.
Lester Thurow (1993) asserts that the American reaction to globalization is different from that of the rest of world in that “Americans fear globalization less than anyone else, and as a consequence. . . think about it less than anyone else” (p. 6).
Why is this an appropriate use of a quote?
The writer has introduced the quotation with his/her own words and has indicated where exact words of the source begin and end. S/he has also named the source in an introductory phrase.
(complete Thurow reference appears in bibliography)
An example of an inappropriate use of a quote
The American view of globalization is unlike that of the rest of the world. Because of their unique perspective, Americans fear globalization less than anyone else, and therefore think about it less than anyone else (Thurow, 1993).
Why is this inappropriate?
Although the writer has identified the source, s/he has not put quotation marks around his words, thereby allowing the reader to think the words are the writer’s, not Thurow’s.