Fermi Award: Dr. Raymond Davis and Dr. John Bahcall
Raymond Davis, Jr., the 2002
Nobel Prize winner in Physics, and
research professor of physics at Penn, along with Dr. John Bahcall,
HON '2000, a professor at Princeton, and Dr. Seymour Sack,
retired from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, are this year's
winners of the Enrico
Fermi Award, a presidential award given
a lifetime of achievement in the field of nuclear energy.
Bahcall and Davis will receive the award for their research in neutrino
Sack will receive the award for his contributions to national security.
winners will receive a gold medal and a citation signed by President
Bush and Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham. Dr. Sack will
receive a $187,500 honorarium. Drs. Davis and Bahcall will share
an award each receiving a $93,750 honorarium.
contributions these distinguished scientists have made to understanding
the world around us and to our national security are immense,"
Secretary Abraham said. "Their lifetime of innovative research
follows in the tradition of Enrico Fermi, the great scientist we
commemorate with this award."
citation for the award to Dr. Davis and Dr. Bahcall reads: "For
their innovative research in astrophysics leading to a revolution
in understanding the properties of the elusive neutrino, the lightest
known particle with mass." Dr. Bahcall and Dr. Davis are the
scientists most responsible for the field of solar neutrino physics
and neutrino astronomy. Dr. Bahcall, a theorist, and Dr. Davis,
an experimentalist, helped to determine that neutrinos have mass
and that electron neutrinos oscillate into many "flavors"
on their way from the sun to the earth.
Davis received his B.S. and M.S. degrees in chemistry from the University
of Maryland and his Ph.D. degree from Yale. He began his career
at Dow Chemical Co. He worked at Monsanto Chemical Company and from
1948-1984 was a senior chemist at DOE's Brookhaven National
Laboratory. In 1984, he became a research professor of physics at
Almanac, Vol. 50, No. 8,