Syllabi Online: A Proposal Submitted to All University Faculty and Staff
November 17, 2006
I. Status quo
The University’s Registrar catalogs more than 2,000 courses in over 50 areas of study across four undergraduate schools. Most undergraduates have no choice but to navigate published course books or Penn’s online resources to arrive at a cursory description of the course that they might wish to take. Even with the guidance of an academic advisor, undergraduates consistently rely on these inadequate course descriptions to arrive at their decisions during pre-registration. As a result, the Add/Drop period is a haphazard process, with students unable to obtain complete information about a course offering without physically attending the class.
II. Proposed Action
SCUE therefore believes that all course syllabi should be made available online. Posting syllabi online will help all undergraduates, especially freshmen, to make informed course selections. Increased transparency will enable students to evaluate a course before entering the classroom. The registration process will become more efficient because, with better information, students will decide more quickly whether to keep or drop a course. To that end, SCUE respectfully offers the following recommendations:
1) Departmental coordinators and administrative assistants shall send a reminder to all teaching faculty and staff one month before each semester’s Advance Registration period, asking them to submit tentative syllabi for their upcoming courses.
2) Faculty shall submit tentative syllabi or course outlines to departmental staff before each semester’s Advance Registration begins.
3) Before the first day of Advance Registration, departmental staff shall post syllabi on departmental website as a clearly visible link next to the course listing. The syllabus should reside no more than three (3) clicks beneath the department’s home page. If a course is cross-listed, it should appear on the website of each applicable department.
4) All syllabi shall remain online to create an archive.
The Provost, Associate Provost, and the Council of Undergraduate Deans all support this proposal.
From an undergraduate’s perspective, easily accessible online syllabi will:
• Guide students’ decision-making during the course selection period
• Encourage students to discover “the road less traveled”—course offerings about which they would have otherwise been unaware
• Ensure that students who enroll in a course after the semester begins are able to adequately complete assignments
• Help incoming freshmen navigate a complex curriculum
From a professor’s perspective, easily accessible online syllabi will:
• Enhance publicity for lesser-known courses that nevertheless pique student interest
• Better match students with classes, ensuring that students who register are those who have a genuine interest in the material
• Allow the first day to be spent covering substantive material rather than conducting a perfunctory course overview
• Reduce the need to maintain waiting lists, because students will no longer drop a class upon reading the syllabus—they will have already factored course expectations into their registration decisions
SCUE approvingly notes the current success of nearly all Wharton undergraduate departments in placing syllabi online. Each course syllabus is easily accessible from departmental websites. In the College of Arts & Sciences, the Political Science and Asian American Studies departments have made substantial progress as well. Many of our peer institutions, such as Princeton and Harvard universities, have implemented centralized databases that include syllabi of all courses offered.
We do recognize the amount of time and effort that it requires to plan a course, and professors may therefore be unenthusiastic about the prospect of submitting a syllabus months in advance. Furthermore, some professors have expressed a reluctance to make public their intellectual property. SCUE therefore recommends that, should a complete syllabus not be available, faculty submit a document containing the bare essentials of course information (e.g. course readings, major assignments, and an overview of topics covered). A syllabus from a prior semester would be equally helpful. The professor may wish to provide a clear disclaimer that course content and requirements are subject to change.
In “The Promising Syllabus,” Dr. James M. Lang (The Chronicle of Higher Education, September 1, 2006) explains what makes a syllabus enriching: “First, it offers an explanation of the course’s promise to the students: What will they have gained, in terms of knowledge or skills, by the end of the semester? The focus moves away from what the teacher will cover to what the student will take away from the course. Second, it describes the activities in which the students will engage in order to help them fulfill that promise: the readings, the class activities, the assignments. Third, and most interestingly, the promising syllabus ‘begins a conversation about how the teacher and the student would best come to understand the nature and progress of the student’s learning.’”
While we recognize that it is not always possible to complete such a syllabus before advance registration begins, professors are already required to provide at least a tentative syllabus within the first week of the semester. Even placing old syllabus materials online would greatly improve the status quo. By posting syllabi on departmental websites, Penn can take the first step towards a centralized online database of all course information, a measure which would significantly improve the undergraduate academic experience.
Finally, we have already presented the Syllabi Online proposal to a meeting of the SAS department staff. Those in attendance gave their support and expressed a willingness to perform the necessary website administration tasks.
V. Timeline of Action
SCUE strongly urges faculty and departmental staff to begin the process as soon as possible. Described below is a timeline for implementation.
• Post finalized syllabi of all Spring 2007 courses on departmental websites before January 19, the end of the Add/Drop period
• Post tentative syllabi of all Fall 2007 courses on departmental websites before March 19, the start of Advance Registration
• Post finalized syllabi of all Fall 2007 courses on departmental websites before September 14, the end of the first full week of classes
• Post tentative syllabi of all Spring 2008 courses on departmental websites before October 29, the start of Advance Registration
On behalf of the members of the Student Committee on Undergraduate Education, and for the benefit of all undergraduates, we look forward to an ongoing partnership on the matter.
The Student Committee on Undergraduate Education