David Dinges: American Academy of Sleep Medicine’s Kleitman Distinguished Service Award
David F. Dinges, chief of the division of Sleep and Chronobiology, and director of the Unit for Experimental Psychiatry in the Perelman School of Medicine (PSOM) at the University of Pennsylvania, was recognized with the Nathaniel Kleitman Distinguished Service Award from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine.
Dr. Dinges, who is also professor and vice chair for faculty affairs and professional development in psychiatry at PSOM, has published extensive federally-funded seminal research on the acute, chronic and cumulative effects of sleep restriction and how sleep need and circadian biology interact to influence physiological and neurobehavioral functions in healthy adults.
“It is a tremendous honor to be recognized among those who have not only dedicated their careers to advancing sleep research, but also whose findings have contributed to the health and safety of the nation,” Dr. Dinges said. “Over the last few decades, we have uncovered new insights on how to identify and mitigate the deficits incurred from inadequate sleep, and how to apply that knowledge to prevention and mitigation of human error and catastrophe.”
Dr. Dinges has been a major contributor to public discussions and policies related to identifying and preventing the risks posed by inadequate sleep and has published more than 300 scholarly articles that have facilitated public health recommendations, public policies pertaining to prevention and detection of fatigue and standards related to duty hours in safety-sensitive occupations. He is the creator of the psychomotor vigilance test, one of the most widely used assessments for behavioral alertness pertaining to sleep need and circadian timing.
Ivan Drpić: Runciman Book Award
Ivan Drpić, associate professor of art history at the University of Pennsylvania and a specialist in Byzantine art, has received the 2017 Runciman Book Award from the Anglo-Hellenic League in London.
Dr. Drpić won for his 2016 book Epigram, Art and Devotion in Later Byzantium, which focuses on verse inscriptions on works of art created in the last centuries of the Byzantine period, from about 1100 to 1450.
The award, founded in 1986, is given each year for a work about Greece or the world of Hellenism, published in English in its first edition in the previous year, with a goal to stimulate interest in Greek history and culture.
Lee McGuigan: Dallas Smythe Award
Lee McGuigan, a fourth-year doctoral student at the Annenberg School, is one of two winners of the 2017 Dallas Smythe Award from the International Association for Media and Communication Research.
The annual award, named for Dallas Smythe, a founder of the field of political economy of communication, recognizes a paper that combines scholarly excellence and a critical, innovative and engaged spirit.
Mr. McGuigan’s paper, “The Productive Capacity of Commercial Television: An Approach for Analyzing Media Systems in Society,” analyzes commercial television in the United States as a sociotechnical system oriented around the production of consumers. He suggests that capacity—the maximal limits of industrial output —is a key concept for thinking about media, technology and society.
Mr. McGuigan holds a master’s degree from the University of Western Ontario, and is the co-editor of the 2014 book The Audience Commodity in a Digital Age: Revisiting a Critical Theory of Commercial Media.
Hanna Morris: New Directions for Climate Communication Research Fellowship
Hanna E. Morris, a first-year doctoral student at Penn’s Annenberg School, is the recipient of the 2017 New Directions for Climate Communication Research Fellowship, jointly awarded by the International Association for Media and Communication Research (IAMCR) and the International Environmental Communication Association (IECA).
The fellowship is awarded biennially to an IAMCR member for an outstanding and innovative research proposal. Ms. Morris’ proposal, Painting with Light: Climate Change and the Photographic Imaginary, focuses on the effort by a small group of photographers to represent the reality of climate change. She will interview six photographers from around the world and conduct a visual ethnography of their digital and on-site photographic exhibitions.
Eric Schelter: EPA Green Chemistry Challenge Award
Eric Schelter, associate professor of chemistry in the School of Arts & Sciences at the University of Pennsylvania, and his research group, recently won the Environmental Protection Agency’s 2017 Green Chemistry Challenge Award. Dr. Schelter and colleagues were chosen for developing a simple, fast and low-cost technology to help recycle rare-earth materials.
The US uses about 17,000 metric tons of rare-earth every year in products such as wind turbines, lighting phosphors, electric motors, batteries and cell phones. The mining, refining and purification of these materials can have a negative impact on the environment, yet only 1% of materials are recycled.
“Metals never burn out,” Dr. Schelter said. “They’re elements. So in principle you can extract them out of post-consumer products and use them again, but there really just isn’t very good chemistry that enables us to do that. Currently with the framework that exists in industry, it’s cheaper to just get things from primary sources: from mining new elements from the ground and then just using them and throwing them away.”
Dr. Schelter is working in his lab to extract the valuable materials from post-consumer products like permanent magnets and lighting phosphors, and enable “circular economies” for their reuse while minimizing added cost and pollution.