Tracks current information on course iterations. You can identify
a course iteration by its ITERATION_ID. The COURSE_ITERATION
one record per course iteration. A record indicates the course iteration's
status and the course version whose content is provided by the course iteration;
provides descriptive information on the course iteration; and includes information
registration, and trainee scoring.
A course is a formal educational unit that deals with a particular subject.
A course provides training to members of the Penn Community in support of their
academic activities and job responsibilities at the University and/or at the
University of Pennsylvania Health System. A course may have more than one version.
For example, if the course covers Software Package X, version 1 of the course
might cover Software Package X release 2.0, and version 2 of the course might
cover Software Package X release 3.5. A course iteration is an offering
of a particular version of the course. A course version may have more than
iteration. For example, version 2 of the instructor-led
course on Software Package X will have two course iterations if it is offered
in two different places on the same date and at the same time. Web-based courses
commonly have one iteration per version.
- Displaying the title (NAME) of the
course iteration, rather than the numeric ID number that appears in a
- Providing the descriptions for selected course iterations.
- Retrieving information on the course iterations for a given course version.
- Selecting course iterations to be included in a report based on their status,
or on whether they are the latest iterations of their courses.
- Reporting on when a course iteration starts and ends, and on what days
of the week the class is held.
- Finding out the location where a course iteration is held, or the Web address
for a Web-based course iteration.
- Checking administrative information related to the registration process
for a course iteration: whether it has a wait list; whether its wait list
and current number of trainees enrolled in the course iteration; the
last dates when a trainee can enroll in it or drop it; and the lead time
for e-mailing reminders to trainees.
- Listing the passing score for a course iteration's course assessment.
||Indexed Data Elements
- The COURSE_ITERATION
table stores only the current information for a
course iteration. Historical information for a course iteration is not available.
For example, if a course iteration originally had a PASSING_SCORE of 80,
but had its PASSING_SCORE changed to 100, there is no way to tell
from the COURSE_ITERATION
that the course iteration ever had a PASSING_SCORE of 80.
- There are a few data elements that provide information about the course
- The ITERATION_ID is a number (such as 10103) used to uniquely identify
iteration within the Knowledge Link system.
- The NAME is the title of the course iteration.
One example is 'Web Design Using Dreamweaver'. (The value is stored without the
- Note: It is common for more than one course iteration to
have the same value for NAME.
- The NAME may be stored in upper case, lower case, or mixed
case. Some iterations have no title--their value for NAME is null.
- The NAME of a course iteration might or might
not be the same as the title of the course version that is offered
in the course iteration.
- The DESCRIPTION often stores a few sentences about
the content of the course iteration and the target
- Note: It is common for more than one course iteration to
have the same value for DESCRIPTION.
- For some course iterations, the NAME is the same as the DESCRIPTION.
- The DESCRIPTION may be stored in upper case, lower case, or mixed
case. Some iterations have no description--their value for DESCRIPTION
- The DESCRIPTION of a course iteration might or might not be the
same as the description of the course version that is offered in
- Some course iterations have a non-null value for ITERATION_XREF, which
is used within the Knowledge Link Gradebook facility as the unique identifier
- A course version (CO_REC_ID) may have more than one course iteration (ITERATION_ID).
For Web-based training, IS_LATEST_ITER indicates whether
the course iteration is the course version’s most recently created
iteration. Knowledge Link uses IS_LATEST_ITER
to determine how course iterations are displayed for Web-based courses.
Note: IS_LATEST_ITERATION is
irrelevant for iterations of instructor led training, even when its
value is not null.
- Instead of text, STATUS stores a number that indicates the course iteration's
- To display the description of the status (rather than its numeric code),
use the LMS_DEFINITION.NAME where COURSE_ITERATION.STATUS = LMS_DEFINITION.DEF_ID.
- A trainee can register for the course iteration only if its status
is active (STATUS=50).
- The LOCATION_ID is a numeric code that identifies the place where
the course iteration's class meetings (if any) will be held. (Web-based courses,
value for LOCATION_ID is null.) Information on the location is available
in the LMS_LOCATION table where COURSE_ITERATION.LOCATION_ID = LMS_LOCATION.LOCATION_ID
- MAX_STUDENT stores the maximum number of trainees that can enroll in the
course iteration. If
the course iteration involves class meetings held at a specified location,
the default value for MAX_STUDENT reflects the location's seating capacity
course iteration record was created. However, MAX_STUDENT can have any value,
even one that is greater than the location's seating capacity.
- ALLOW_WAIT_LIST and WL_ACTIVE are used to manage the wait list for an instructor
led course iteration's wait list.
These data elements are irrelevant for Web-based training, even when their values
is a number indicating whether the course iteration can (1) or cannot
has been reached.
- WL_ACTIVE is a number indicating whether the course iteration's maximum
has (1) or has not (0) been reached.
- When ALLOW_WAIT_LIST and WL_ACTIVE are both set to 1, trainees attempting
to register for the course iteration are asked whether they want to be
added to the wait list. When an enrolled trainee drops out of the course
iteration, the first trainee on the wait list becomes enrolled.
- Note: a Knowledge Link Administrator or Junior Administrator can use
the forced enrollment feature to register a trainee for a course
of how ALLOW_WAIT_LIST and WL_ACTIVE are set.
- Instead of text, DAYS_OF_WEEK stores a number that indicates
what day(s) of the week are the class meeting dates for the course iteration.
- DAYS_OF_WEEK cannot be decoded using the LMS_DEFINITION
- Each day of the week has a unique value for DAYS_OF_WEEK: Sunday
(64), Monday (32), Tuesday (16), Wednesday (8), 4 Thursday (4),
Friday (2), and Saturday (1).
- If a course
iteration will have class meetings on more than one day
of the week, DAYS_OF_WEEK is equal to the sum of the values for those days.
may be null or
if the course iteration will meet every day from the START_DATE
through the END_DATE, or if the course iteration is Web-based
and may be taken
on any day from the START_DATE through the END_DATE. For
example, if a course iteration has a START_DATE of May 5, 2008 (a Monday),
of May 9, 2008 (a Friday), and DAYS_OF_WEEK
set to 42 (32 + 8 + 2), the class schedule detail for the course iteration
show that the meeting dates are May 5, 7, and 9, 2008 (Monday,
- A course version and its iterations all have the same distribution mode.
For example, they are all instructor led, or are all Web-based.
- For a course iteration's distribution mode, see
- The COURSE_ITERATION table includes several data elements that
are pertinent to one distribution mode, but not to other distribution
modes, even when those data elements are not null.
- The following data elements are pertinent only to instructor
- URL is pertinent only to Web-based training.
- Knowledge Link can store data
regarding the costs associated with a course iteration. Most training
providers do not use Knowledge Link to track their training costs, but that
data is available for some course iterations, in the following data elements:
- The COURSE_ITERATION
table includes several data elements that currently are not used.
Those data elements are:
- DIST_MODE (Note: This is not used, even when
its value is not null. DIST_MODE refers to the way the course
content is delivered to the trainees (for example, in a Web-based
or instructor led format). For information on the course iteration's
distribution mode, see COURSE_OBJECT.DIST_MODE where COURSE_ITERATION.CO_REC_ID
- KNODE_ID (Note: This is not used, even when its
value is not null. See COURSE_OBJECT.KNODE_ID where COURSE_ITERATION.CO_REC_ID
- THRESHOLD_SCORE (Note: This is not used, even
when its value is not null or 0.)
- XACCESS (Note: This is not used, even when its
value is not null. See COURSE_OBJECT.XACCESS where COURSE_ITERATION.CO_REC_ID
- It might appear that the list of related tables shown above incorrectly
excludes the KNODE, KNODE_USER_JOIN, and LMS_BUSINESS_UNIT_GROUP tables. Although COURSE_ITERATION can be joined to these tables based on
KNODE_ID, such joins are not recommended, because COURSE_ITERATION.KNODE_ID
is not used, even when it is not null.
Knowledge Link, the learning management system used by the University and
by the University of Pennsylvania Health System (UPHS) since March, 2005.
Knowledge Link enables authorized administrators to schedule training
courses, assign resources to courses, assign groups of Knowledge Link users
to courses, and to create online courses. It enables trainees to find out what
courses have been assigned to them, to register for those courses (whether
are on-line or instructor-led), to take on-line courses, and to provide feedback
via course evaluations. Knowledge Link was first used to track information
on training required by regulation, but it now tracks information on a variety
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