PennKey A - Z Glossary

Address of Record. The address to which a PennKey Setup Code is mailed in instances where newly admitted students are sent hard copies of the PennKey Setup Code letter instead of an email.


Authentication. The method a computer system uses to verify that an individual is who he or she claims to be. PennKey is an authentication method. See also Authorization.


Authorization. The access or eligibility granted to a particular service or application for an authenticated user. Authorization is the responsibility of service or application owners and it works with an authentication method. For example, only authorized individuals, not everyone who has a registered PennKey and password, can log in to U@Penn.


Challenge-Response. A secure online method for resetting a forgotten PennKey password based on correct responses to previously answered challenge questions. Only individuals who previously have enrolled in Challenge-Response can reset their passwords online. Enrollment in Challenge-Response is optional and is not available to individuals with Non-Persistent PennKeys.


Guest. See Sponsored Guest.


Kerberos. A technology that secures services on host computers. PennKey is based on Kerberos technology.


Non-Persistent PennKey. A type of PennKey issued to individuals such as conference attendees, who have a more fluid or shorter-term relationship to Penn. Non-Persistent PennKeys start with a "g" followed by seven digits. They always have a limited life-span and cannot be renewed once expired. Individuals with Non-Persistent PennKeys cannot set a new password if they forget theirs. They need to obtain a new PennKey and a new Penn ID.


Penn ID. A unique eight-digit number issued to Penn and UPHS affliates. University offices frequently require a Penn ID for identification in situations where they formerly required an individual's Social Security Number. PennCard users will find their Penn ID printed on their PennCard -- it is the 8-digit sequence of numbers  on the card. See also PennKey.


PennCard. A University ID card showing your photo and ID number. PennCard is an accepted form of photo ID at PennKey Administration Stations.


PennKey. An individual's user name in the PennKey Authentication System. Your PennKey is based on your PennName, a unique identifier that is the basis for user names in many University systems. You must register your PennKey and associated password before you can access any services that use PennKey authentication.

PennKey Administration Station. A campus location where you can obtain a PennKey Setup Code.


PennKey Setup Code. A temporary identifier issued to reset a forgotten password, or to register a PennKey. See also Challenge-Response.


PennName. A unique identifier for user names in many University systems, including PennKey.


Setup Code. See PennKey Setup Code.


Setup Code Service. A self-service web application used to request a Setup Code.


Single Sign-On. The ability to authenticate once and access multiple electronic services, rather than authenticate separately to each service.


Sponsored Guest. An individual who has an official business need for a PennKey but is not a Penn faculty member, staff member, student, applicant, alumnus/a or UPHS (University of Pennsylvania Health System) employee. Some examples of sponsored guests include consultants, volunteers, visiting scholars, and course auditors. See ‘How to Sponsor a Guest’ web page.

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