World War I ends in November 1918, the Gazette publishes
a running tally of alumni killed in the fighting and stories of
service overseas such as the Remarkable Record of Base Hospital
No. 20, whose doctors, nurses, and enlisted men, recruited almost
entirely from the University, cared for 9,000 patients (losing only
65) in less than seven months in France.
With the signing
of the Armistice, students flock back to the University, reversing
a steep wartime decline
in registration. In 1919-20,
enrollment surpasses 10,000
for the first time.
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Leonard Wood speaks at the first post-war Commencement. Wood, extolled
as the prophet of preparedness, will later be named
executive head of the University, but take several leaves
of absence to serve as governor general of the Philippines and ultimately
resign without ever having served in College Hall.
School of Fine Arts is founded.
Wharton School establishes a graduate division.
is held on campus for the first time, in two sections, at Weightman
Hall. Combined British Museum-University Museum excavations at Ur
Franklin Field stands are torn down, and the first tier of the present
stadium is built. The Gazette advertises A New Panoramic
View of Franklin Field Stadium In Its Completed Form as Seen from
Top of Surgical Pavilion, for sale at $2 per copy in sepia
or black and white prints. Provost Josiah Penniman C189o Gr1895
Hon22 is appointed to be Penns president as well.
Moore School of Electrical Engineering opens. The University celebrates
Washingtons birthday for the 99th year in succession. Bennett
Hall is under construction, and the Christian Association announces
plans for its new building at 36th and Locust streets.
May 1 Gazette announces the kickoff of the Universitys
first fundraising campaign, with a goal of raising $42 million by
194o. The Henry C. Lea Library is presented to the University. A
second level is added to Franklin Field, bringing seating capacity
to 8o,ooo. The General Alumni Society assumes responsibility for
publishing the Gazette.
Woolman C1896 offers 178 acres of farmland near Valley Forge to
the University, touching off a decade of debate in the pages of
the Gazette over creating a new undergraduate campus at the
May 9, 1,2oo attend the dedication of Irvine Auditorium. In October,
days before the stock market crash that will usher in the Great
Depression, the Gazette runs a long article on conditions
in Europe that begins, An American observer
fail to be impressed with a revival of optimism.
students burn the two most unpopular instructors in
effigy, a rowbottom develops in which Philadelphia police
run amok, shooting their way into fraternities and boarding houses
to beat and arrest students indiscriminately. The University broadcasts
a comprehensive series of radio programmes daily over
station WCAU, Philadelphia, offering faculty lectures and musical
performances. Thomas Sovereign Gates W1893 L1896 Hon31 Gr46
is named president of the University, its first full-time chief
executive. Penniman continues as provost.
Gates Plan reorganizes provisions for student health,
physical education, and intercollegiate athletics, replacing the
alumni-dominated University Council on Athletics and banning special
treatment for football players. The Wharton School marks its 5oth
anniversary. Horace Mather Lippincott C1897 becomes editor of the
Gazette, replacing George Brian Hurff C24, who was
appointed in 1929.
Morris Arboretum is bequeathed to the University.
College of Liberal Arts for Women is founded.
more than a century, the University announces the cessation of Washingtons
birthday celebrations. The School of Nursing is established.
Alumni Award of Merit is instituted. The Daily Pennsylvanian
celebrates its 50th anniversary. Four dramatic societies merge to
form Penn Players.
Fels Institute of State and Local Government is established. The
Gazette frequency goes from biweekly to 10 times yearly.
Mungers first season as football coach. The teams record
Gazette unveils a new cover design, and an atom smasher
is installed at the University. Dr. George W. McClelland C12
Gr16 Hon31 is named provost. World War II begins.
University celebrates its bicentennial with five days of events
in September 1940, including an academic symposium, a river pageant
and water carnival, and speeches by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt
and former President Herbert Hoover.