December 7 the Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor. University President
Thomas S. Gates W93 L96 Hon31 Gr46 issues
the message that Times such as these call for strength of
character, strength of heart, courage, and steadfastness. Unless
called upon by our government, it is also our duty to continue our
customary daily tasks. Let us continue to prepare for that which
may be expected of us later ...
the fourth straight year, Penns football program sets records
for fan attendance. An article in the October Gazette reports
that the athletic department is busy sorting 336,ooo football ticket
requests from alumni as well as from the general public of
Philadelphia, many of whom buy season tickets as unfailingly as
they would a suit of clothes.
University opens with three out of four men in uniform
and with almost 6o government research projects claiming the
attention of the faculty. The Palestra is transformed into
a mess hall for the Army and Navy. Dr. Althea Kratz Hottel Ed29
Gr40 Hon59 becomes the first dean of women.
George William McClelland becomes Penns president. A War Fund
Committee is established to deal with the Universitys $3oo,ooo
deficit. In recognition of the broader range of interests
and responsibilities which the war is bringing to women, courses
in insurance and industry are added to the College of Liberal Arts
for Women curriculum. Several hundred returning veterans enroll
at Penn for the fall semester under the G.I. Bill of Rights.
C. Dill C28 becomes editor of the Gazette. Musician
Bobby Troup W41, a Mask & Wig standout later famed for
hits like Route 66, entertains the Marines in the Pacific.
On April 12 U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt dies; members
of the University community fill Irvine Auditorium for a memorial
service the following day. News of the wars end on August
14 reaches campus and leads to a rowdy student celebration, quelled
by firemens hoses and constables nightsticks gently
tapped on a few heads. Radio station WXPN is established to
give training to undergraduates who have in mind a career
in radio. Among them is Harold Prince C48 Hon71.
the 3o-ton progenitor of the modern computerdesigned by Engineering
faculty John W. Mauchly Hon60 and J. Presper Eckert EE41
GEE43 Hon64 to aid in the war effort is dedicated
in the Moore School. Football rallies are banned after a Rowbottom-style
gathering of 2,000 students before the Penn-Dartmouth game in which
trolley tracks were ignited and rotten eggs were thrown at police
cars. The ban is lifted, only to lead to another brouhaha involving
twice the number of students.
alumnus requests that his Gazette subscription be cancelled
because of the nauseating display of basketball
players hairy legs on the cover of one issue of the
E. Stassen Hon48 is named president of the University. He
outlines plans to add 35 acres to the University campus, close off
certain streets, and construct a new physics building, a new Wharton
School building, a new library, and two hospital additions. An undergraduate
column in the December issue of the Gazette laments campus
inflation: A dorm room with sink and fireplace now costs $120 a
term. The price of a hamburger has risen to 20 cents.
in the ancient city of Nippur (Iraq), University archaeologists
unearth the oldest known record of a murder trial, chronicled on
a clay tablet dating back to 1850 B.C. The Korean War begins.
resigns as president. Physicist Gaylord Harnwell Hon53 succeeds
him a year later. Dietrich Hall is dedicated.
Munger resigns as Penns football coach. The next season, Steve
Sebo is named to succeed him. Thomas G. Harris C49 becomes
editor of the Gazette (a role that Dill reclaims in 1957,
for another two years).
Ivy League is formed; Penns football team, hampered by the
leagues restrictionsincluding a ban on spring practicebut
still matched up against old rivals like Notre Dame and Penn State,
suffers through two winless seasons. Women are admitted to the undergraduate
programs of the School of Engineering and Applied Science and the
Wharton School. A new physical sciences building (later named David
Rittenhouse Laboratories) opens on campus.
University embarks on a five-year campus development plan, including
22 major construction projects costing $31 million. Among the planned
facilities are mens and womens residence halls; the
Computer Center; the Faculty Club; and wings for the Moore School,
the Fels Institute, the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania,
and the Wharton School.
arrest 24 students at Delta Tau Delta fraternity house for snowball
fighting. A student column in the May Gazette complained
of students being pulled from their beds whether they were
innocent or not.
Soviets launch Sputnik. Meanwhile, a $7 million research project
is underway in the School of Medicines Department of Pharmacology
to determine how to adapt humans for space travel.
Gazette merges with The General Magazine and Historical
Chronicle, marked by a redesign and new columns and features.
Annenberg School for Communication is established. Despite an Ivy
League championship for Penns football team, Steve Sebos
coaching contract is allowed to expire at the end of the season.
William J. Schramm C54 G57 becomes editor of the Gazette.
Richards Medical Research Building is dedicated. Designed for maximum
flexibility by architect Louis Kahn Ar24 Hon71,
and named by the Encyclopedia Brittanica in its Brittanica Book
of the Year as a significant architectural advance,
the building boasts a circulation system that prevents air taken
into the building from mixing with air expelled inside itthus
keeping experiments from contaminating one another. John F. Kennedy
narrowly defeats Richard M. Nixon in the Presidential election.
Robert M. Dusty Rhodes is named editor of the Gazette.