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Three of Penn’s most prominent political alumni—
Ed Rendell, Jon M. Huntsman Jr., and Arlen Specter—discuss their time as office-seekers and public servants, and offer some hard-earned advice about what needs fixing.


BY SAMUEL HUGHES


One’s a lifelong Democrat from the East. One’s a lifelong Republican from the West who represented his country in the Far East. One’s a Republican-turned-Democrat from the Midwest who represented an Eastern state as a centrist. All have run for office and won—as governor (Pennsylvania, Utah), senator (Pennsylvania), mayor and district attorney (Philadelphia); all have also run and lost. None is currently in or running for office.

Ed Rendell C’65 Hon’00, Jon M. Huntsman Jr. C’87 Hon’10, and Arlen Specter C’51—their personalities are as different as morning, noon, and night. But all are talented, hardworking men with a yen for public service—and stories to tell.


In a new book and interview, Ed Rendell—the former Pennsylvania governor, Philadelphia mayor, and DNC chair—talks about political leadership, and the current lack of it. He also offers some thoughts on Barack Obama, Mitt Romney, Hillary Clinton—and the least sexy word in the English language.



Ed Rendell was relaxing at his home in the East Falls section of Philadelphia when he got the call from Comcast SportsNet. It was December 2010, and the NFL had just cancelled a big game between the Philadelphia Eagles and the Minnesota Vikings, even though the heavy snow that was forecast had yet to start falling. Would Rendell, then in the final days of his second term as governor of Pennsylvania, be willing to share his thoughts about the cancellation on TV?

No one who has followed his career even casually would be surprised by the answer. A regular commentator since his days as mayor of Philadelphia, Rendell is as viscerally addicted to sports as he is to politics, and confident of his ability to connect with an audience on pretty much any subject.

And so, on national TV, the Commonwealth’s chief executive blurted out that America was “becoming a nation of wusses,” and that the unnecessary cancellation was just further evidence of the nation’s “wussification.” The phrasing—and the sentiment—resonated. After expounding on that theme on NBC Nightly News and the front page of the The Washington Times (among other media outlets), he started writing a book. The result was A Nation of Wusses: How America’s Leaders Lost the Guts to Make Us Great, published this past June by Wiley.

Equal parts political memoir, call to arms, and high-spirited romp, Wusses uses an earthy, conversational voice to tell stories and make points.

“I have nothing against making a decision that will keep people safe,” Rendell writes in the opening chapter, “but [leaders should not be] making a decision based on the sole calculation that it will keep their job safe.” And what is “so desperately important,” he adds, “is that our newfound ‘wussiness’ is affecting things that really do matter to our country and to our people.”

Writing Wusses gave Rendell a chance to look back over his own political career as well as serve up some salty prescriptions for the nation’s problems.

“I’ve been so busy in my 34-year public career that I really never had the time to sort of look back and think about the things that happened and how they happened and why they happened,” he says. “I wrote it all myself. And people say, ‘Well, you must have had a ghostwriter.’ I didn’t. I wrote it in longhand. It reads the way I talk.”

To get started, he took a group of close associates from his years in politics out to dinner, and made notes as they swapped stories. “It was so much fun,” he says. “It was hysterical. We’d tell stories, and sometimes people would be laughing so hard they would cry.”

He did the actual writing “in my last six months as governor and my first year as non-governor,” on weekends and at night. “Often I would start writing at 10 o’clock at night, and I would look up after I got to the end of the chapter, and it would be 3:30 in the morning. But as I wrote it, I amused myself thoroughly.”

He admits that the title “may be a little frivolous,” and some stories—like the one about a certain well-endowed donkey—may put off some stuffier commentators. But there’s plenty of meaty material to interest students of American government and politics.

“I like one review that’s on Amazon,” he says. “It said, ‘If you like Ed Rendell, you’ll love this book.’ And I think that’s probably a fair assessment, although I think there’s stuff in here that anybody could like, even people who disagree with me politically, even people who are what we would describe as conservative or right-wing. I don’t spare the rod on Democrats at all. I think I’m probably slightly tougher on Republicans, but not much.”

Though he’s no longer in office, and says he’s not interested in running for anything now, he’s almost as busy as he was as governor and mayor—teaching at the Fels Institute, offering commentary for NBC News and Comcast SportsNet, and serving as a consultant or board member for several green and alternative-energy firms. He’s also one of three co-chairs (along with New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg and former California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger) of Building America’s Future Educational Fund, a bipartisan coalition of elected officials, whose stated mission is “bringing about a new era of US investment in infrastructure that enhances our nation’s prosperity and quality of life.”

Rendell sat down with Gazette senior editor Samuel Hughes in early July, shortly after completing a book-signing tour around Pennsylvania.



What were your goals in writing the book?


The first goal was I wanted to show young people that, if you spend your life in public service, you’re not going to get paid very well. Working conditions are going to be terrible. It’s going to be frustrating, challenging. You’re going to fail as often as you succeed. But despite all that, it’s a wonderful way to live. You don’t make what society would consider a lot of money, but the psychic income you get from every day trying to help people, protect people, it’s just a wonderful way to live.

My second goal, I believe very strongly that government can and should be a catalyst for change. It’s creating an opportunity for people who’ve never had opportunity and protecting our most vulnerable citizens. And I was deeply troubled by the sort of anti-government feeling: government’s the enemy; government’s the problem; government’s this; government’s that. I wanted to relate through the book that government is not the enemy; it’s not the problem; that there’s good government and bad government; that there’s bad and wasteful government spending but there’s also good, targeted, and effective government spending. It’s not a question of big or small government, it’s effective government. The taxpayers have the right to expect us to be cost-conscious, to spend money well and wisely, but they also have the right to expect us to invest in things that make a difference.

Third reason was, to key into the title, to say that I think our political leaders being so risk-averse is one of the things that’s crippling our ability to go forward on the major issues.


Such as?

Like what we’re going to do with the deficit. Democrats are afraid to tell their base, senior citizens, the truth, that Medicare was designed in 1964 when the average life expectancy was 69. It’s now 48 years later, and we’re living to 78. So of course the program has to be changed, and of course it can’t keep spending money like that.

Republicans have got to tell their base and Grover Norquist that you’re not going to get out of this problem without raising revenue. And anybody who’s ever looked at it knows that there are going to have to be spending cuts, but there have to be revenue increases. And it’s mostly because our politicians have lost any courage that we’re paralyzed. Even more than the partisanship, we are paralyzed. We are afraid to take on our base.


Give some specific examples.

So we’ve got [Mitt] Romney, a very bright, intelligent man. I know him fairly well, and I respect him. When the healthcare decision comes out, he says it’s a penalty because that’s what it was in Massachusetts; that’s what he believed it was. Then apparently he gets a call from the Republicans in the House, in the Congress, who tell him that he’d better get out there and say it’s a tax. So he gets out and says it’s a tax. Which makes him look silly. He didn’t even have the courage to look smart.

And Mitt Romney all throughout this campaign has turned away from opportunities to look courageous. Very first debate, when that soldier called in and said he was gay but he had served in Iraq, and everyone booed, Mitt Romney should have said, “Hey, folks, I don’t care if you disagree with his lifestyle or his choices, but he’s out there risking his life for us. He deserves your respect and admiration.” Maybe they would have booed louder, but he would have gotten the respect of people all across the country. And he just wimped out because he’s scared of the base.

One of the people I cite in the book, who’s not necessarily a hero, but he’s the epitome of a non-wuss, is Tom Coburn. Probably one of the five most conservative senators in the Senate, who I probably disagree with 80 percent of the time on political philosophy or judgments or positions, but yet who was tremendous on Simpson-Bowles, which still is the best blueprint for us getting out of the problems we face. On Simpson-Bowles he voted to raise revenue by closing tax loopholes.

And when Grover Norquist said, “No, that’s a tax increase”—and Coburn had signed a no-tax pledge—he said, “Grover, you’re wrong, it’s not a tax increase, it’s closing a loophole, and you can go pound sand.” We need more people like him.


Everybody likes bold leadership in principle, but there’s good bold leadership and not-so-good bold leadership. Is one of your messages that boldness has to be smart and well marketed?

It needs to be explained. But I think even if people disagree with what you’ve done, if they think you’ve done it honestly and sincerely, they’re okay with it. When [as Philadelphia district attorney in 1978] I ordered the arrest of the policemen who beat up [MOVE member] Delbert Africa, in the short run my popularity, the [favorable] ratings, dropped 20 percent. But I ran for reelection a year later, and I got 81 percent of the vote. So people disagreed with what I did, wildly—I mean, there was a huge march and demonstration—yet people respected the fact that I did what I believed in, and I had the courage to do it.

I took great pains to explain why I did it—that you can’t have a society where the police, no matter how justified in a moral sense, [act as] judge, jury, and executioner. It just doesn’t work. So, yeah, you’re right, it has to be smart. But I think over the course of time, if you’re in an executive position in government—mayor, county commissioner, governor, president—people are going to disagree with you maybe two out of 10 times in your decision-making process. Where they have to agree with you is, “Well, that Smith, he does what he believes in. I don’t always agree with him, but he does what he believes in.”


Sometimes it doesn’t work, though.

Sometimes you have to make difficult decisions, and you wind up losing for it. As I say in the book, if you’re running for office—I don’t care what office it is—if you don’t have a core set of values that tells you there’s some things I’m going to fight for, even if it means that I’m risking losing, then you shouldn’t run for office in the first place.

I cite the Democrats who voted for healthcare [reform] and ran away from it in the 2010 campaign. What did they think? Their opponent was going to forget? It was stupid. And most of the five things that had gone into effect by the 2010 election were all extremely popular. Your kids can stay on your health insurance till you’re 26. You can’t deny a child coverage because he or she has a preexisting illness. Seniors getting a $250 check to help with their prescription drugs. Those were enormously popular. Stand and talk about those! Defend it. Not that Obama listens to me, but that’s my advice to Obama. If they make the Affordable Care Act an issue, defend it.


You mentioned that infrastructure has been called the least sexy word in the language. How can you improve the nomenclature to make it more sellable?

You don’t talk about infrastructure; you talk about roads, bridges, dams, levees, water systems. People understand what that is a lot more readily. Interestingly, infrastructure has always been a Republican issue. They were the big proponents of infrastructure spending. And now the great irony of it is our infrastructure’s falling apart. We went from best in the world to 16th best in the world. It’s stunning. It’s injuring our public safety. It’s hurting our economic competitiveness, screwing up our quality of life.

But the imperative is even more than just that. Infrastructure’s the fastest creator of well-paying jobs that can’t be outsourced, the fastest creator, with its jobs on the road, on the bridge, at the dam, at the water system. And it’s jobs back in the factory because you’re going to need steel, you’re going to need aggregate, you’re going to need concrete, you’re going to need asphalt, you’re going to need all those things to do infrastructure work, and they have to be produced at factories. So it’s a great job producer. They’re well-paying jobs, jobs that pay [from $50,000 to] $90,000 a year. It should be a no‑brainer.


How about knowledge infrastructure, which is of some concern to places like Penn. How important is that, and why is this even an issue?

Again, it’s this anti-spending mania. To feed the knowledge infrastructure you have to have strong pre-K through 12, strong collegiate education, strong postgraduate education, strong technical schools, post-high-school technical-school education. And then secondly, to feed the knowledge infrastructure, you need research and development dollars. And it makes abundant common sense. But you have the majority political party in Washington saying, “Unh-unh, we don’t want to spend money.” And again, it’s the imperative. There’s good government spending, and there’s bad government spending. While we’re cutting, if we’re going to take care of our deficit, we need to cut, need to raise revenue. But we also need to build in some money to invest in the things that we need to grow our economy.

Both Bushes, father and son, and President Reagan, faced with their own recessions, increased government spending in the year following the advent of the recession. And it helped them get out of the recession—because every economist worth his salt knows the way you get out of a recession is to spend money. Simple as that. So again, it goes back to that central theme that you’ve got to be able to distinguish between what government can do and what government can’t do.

Austerity’s not working in Europe, and it won’t work here. But you can have austerity for the long run and investment for the short run that will accomplish both goals.


Talk about your approach to trimming city workers’ benefits versus [Wisconsin Governor] Scott Walker’s. You say collective bargaining doesn’t produce deficits—mayors and governors who give away the store do.


I essentially did the same thing as Scott Walker did [as mayor of Philadelphia], except my unions opposed me. His unions went along with the cuts he wanted, and he got in trouble because he went one step further. He said during the campaign that there had to be those benefit reductions. But he went a step further and tried to eviscerate collective bargaining, which he never mentioned during the campaign.

Where Scott Walker is wrong is it’s not collective bargaining, it’s governors and mayors who don’t have the backbone to stand up and make their case to the people. I stressed in the book how we went out and made our case to the people. We told the people over and over again, “These guys get 14 paid holidays. You get seven or eight on your job. These guys don’t contribute to their healthcare. You contribute 10 percent of your salary to get healthcare.” And we would make the case, and people would understand that.

I tell the story about when a municipal worker was beating up on me for being too hard on the municipal unions at my son’s baseball game—and the building-trades guys, the fathers on my team, start beating up on him. And that told me that we had been effective in getting our message across.


To what do you attribute your ability to survive in an NRA-supporting state like Pennsylvania?

I do not, in any way, shape, or form, pass myself off as a hunter. Listen, don’t try to be something you’re not—because people will see through that in two seconds. I think if I have survived, it’s for two reasons. The major reason is because people know I speak my mind, and they appreciate that. The second thing that I think helps is my love of sports. That gives me a connection with a lot of those blue-collar workers who might not like the fact that I’m pro gun control or pro choice, but like the fact that I know sports, speak their language, et cetera.
 

What was the most wish-you-could-change moment in your career?

My signing the pay raise [for Pennsylvania legislators]. In 2005 the legislature came to me with this pay-raise idea. And it was terrible. It was far too much, just looked ridiculous. And I said I would veto it. And I almost got punched by one of the legislative leaders, they were so angry. They came back in 2006, same bad bill, and they essentially said to me and my chief of staff that, if I didn’t sign it, I would never get one piece of legislation that I cared about through, even if I got reelected governor and was governor for the next five years.

I should have been smart enough to know that they were bluffing, that they couldn’t have ever carried that out. And I should have called them on their bluff. But I didn’t. I signed the bill, even though in the signing message I expressed doubts about it. I immediately declared upon signing it that I wouldn’t take the pay raise that was going to me. I didn’t suffer. I got reelected handily. But most of the legislative leaders who pushed for it lost. And if I could do it all over again, I would have vetoed it.


You’ve fired a couple of gentle shots across Obama’s bow, regarding his inability to reach a deal on the Simpson-Bowles deficit-reduction panel and that sort of thing—though you also compliment him. Is there frustration with him for not selling his programs so well?

On stimulus and healthcare, right out of the bat, they did a terrible job in explaining to the people and messaging it. Had they done a good job, both of those programs would be much more popular than they are today, and the president would be in less political trouble than he is today.

But the president on balance has been a non-wuss. He did a lot of non-wussy things, being for the financial bailout. It’s extremely unpopular. He could have just said, “I’m reversing what President Bush and Secretary Paulson did, we’re not going through with that.” People would have loved it. It would have probably destroyed the financial structure of the world, but he would have gotten some short-run gain by doing it.

Secondly, the auto bailout. People love the auto bailout now, but we forget how, again, unpopular it was at the time. President Obama dug his heels in and did it. Healthcare itself, his own staff, Rahm Emanuel and others, argued with him, “Don’t go big. Do the insurance reform first. Everybody loves that.” But he understood that, if we were going to end the disgrace of America being the only civilized nation in the world that doesn’t provide guaranteed healthcare to its citizens, it had to happen in those first two years because he instinctively knew he would never have majorities at the level that he had them then.
So I think on balance he’s been fairly courageous—even on Simpson-Bowles. He didn’t have the courage to give seniors the bad news, so he didn’t follow through on Simpson-Bowles. But you remember about a year and a half ago he and [House Speaker John] Boehner were this close to doing the big deal for $5.9 trillion. That had to be based on a rough delineation of Simpson-Bowles.

I think on balance no one, myself included, is a perfect non-wuss. But on balance the President is definitely a non-wuss.


How much did the fact that you’re a Friend of Hillary play into your frustration?

Well, first of all, this has nothing to do with Hillary. This is Barack. Hillary and Barack became a team. One of the best parts of the Obama presidency is how wonderfully well they both have meshed together. He gives her the opportunity to shine. She not only does a great job, but she’s extremely loyal to him. You never hear anything about “State Department officials, anonymous sources criticize the president.” You don’t hear any of that. So they’ve been a great team. So that’s buried.


Any chance of a Hillary-Rendell ticket?

Well, it’s interesting. Vice president is the dream job for a politician. Why? Because it’s a nine-week campaign. They call you up the last week in August and ask you to run for vice president, nine weeks left. Secondly, all the money is raised. You don’t even have to raise money. It’s an ideal job.

Now, you go to a lot of funerals. I’m just finishing the Caro book about Lyndon Johnson. Oh, my, did he hate the vice-presidency. He hated it with a passion. Although his reason for accepting it was that one out of every three vice presidents become president. And he correctly assumed that he would never become president by running for it directly.


So that’s a roundabout way of saying you haven’t totally ruled it out.

But as I said in another part of the book, who in their right mind would want someone like me as their running mate or as vice president? Good God. If I were the presidential candidate, I wouldn’t want anybody like me on the ticket.


Is there anything that you’re mulling that you haven’t talked about?

There is nothing I want to run for. I would love to run Hillary Clinton’s campaign. And if she won, and there was an interesting job in the White House, I might take it. I might not. But I believe she’s great. Her work as Secretary of State has convinced me of that even more than I felt in 2008. I think just there’s probably no one in my lifetime that would come to the presidency with the breadth of foreign-policy experience, domestic-policy experience that she has. And she’s served in the Senate, the State Department. She saw what the executive [branch] was like by being First Lady—and a very active First Lady. She brings an unprecedented level of experience to it, just unprecedented.

And I also believe the time has come for this country to be led by a woman. I mean, we men have made a pretty big hash of it. So it’s probably time to try a woman.

 



Ed Rendell | Arlen Specter | Jon M. Huntsman Jr.

 

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Illustration by Nate Williams


Ed Rendell

Arlen Specter

Jon M. Huntsman Jr.

 

   

Deconstructing Wussitude
In his new book, A Nation of Wusses: How America’s Leaders Lost the Guts to Make Us Great, Ed Rendell lays out the “Top Ten Reasons Why Most American Politicians Are Wusses.”


Ever since David Letterman debuted the first Top Ten list, I have been enamored with the concept and have composed them for birthday parties, farewell parties, anniversary galas, office parties, and so on. So I couldn’t write a book without including at least one. Here goes:

10.   They Refuse to Give Credit to a Rival No Matter What He Does

The crowning example of this was Republicans’ criticism of President Obama’s handling of Libya. By any objective standard the president’s approach to Libya was a huge success. The people of Benghazi escaped genocide, not a single American life was lost, and the brutal dictator Gadhafi was deposed at a cost of less than a thousandth of the price of the Iraq War. Nevertheless, the Republicans just couldn’t bring themselves to give him credit. First, they criticized him for waiting too long before acting. Then when he did act, they pounced. Senate Republican leader Mitch McConnell wondered, “When this operation will end and when our loved ones will return ... what is the mission?” And finally, when the mission ended in complete success, they praised NATO, the British—good God, even the French—anyone but Obama. Nothing but toady wusses!

9.   They Refuse to Admit Mistakes

This is a common trait of many elected officials. It’s wussing out and it’s bad politics, too. There are many examples, most notably Mayor Michael Belandic, whose Chicago administration botched removal of a nineteen-inch snowfall. The mayor denied that they had screwed up and blamed it on the sheer amount of snow. It didn’t wash, and on this issue he was defeated in a primary election by Jane Byrne. Politics 101: If you or your people screw up, stand up, admit it, and say that it sure as hell won’t happen again. Think of what might have happened if the incredibly talented Anthony Weiner, insistent on denying at first that the pictures were of him and concocting a story that his website had been hacked, had admitted the truth from the get-go, apologized, recognized he had a problem, and said he was going to get help. He might well still be in Congress had he done so. If you blow it, don’t be a wuss; confess it and take your medicine.

8.   They Refuse to Answer Questions from the Media

Ronald Reagan was a wuss (only in part) because he consistently ducked questions from the media by feigning that he couldn’t hear them when he walked to his helicopter or by terminating his press conferences prematurely. Many other elected officials just hole up and refuse to have press conferences, or if they do, they only make announcements and refuse to answer any questions. No elected official who deals with the media over any length of time actually likes doing it, but if you believe in democracy, you are honorbound to do it. The media are your main way of communicating with your constituents, and they have the right to see or hear you answer tough questions and defend what you are doing.

7.   They Don’t Have the Courage to Say No to Their Base

Elected officials are so scared of losing, they simply will never go against the wishes of their base, their core group of supporters. We have discussed their reluctance to stand up to the NRA on even the most absurd issues, such as the previously discussed one-gun-a-month legislation. Another case is Republicans’ throwing red meat to their base by attacking Planned Parenthood funding under the guise of being prolife and antiabortion when they know that federal law already bars Planned Parenthood from getting any money for abortion counseling and that their funding is already restricted to family planning and women’s health activities. Our side is no better. We can never seem to stand up, for example, to the teachers’ unions. Everyone knows that our educational system needs more accountability for principal and teacher performance. In each one of my eight years as governor I called on the legislature to enact new rules requiring accountability and got virtually no Democratic support. If it were a secret ballot, 80 percent would have been for the reforms. Come on, people. It’s okay to disagree with your friends every once in a while.

6.   They Refuse to Debate

When a politician is running for election and has a big lead there is a tendency not to debate his or her opponent, to chicken out and not give the opponent a chance to close the gap. LBJ, leading Goldwater by 36 points, said no, as did Richard Nixon, leading Hubert Humphrey by 10 points and George McGovern by 25. The tough-talking Republican congressional leaders Darrell Issa and Eric Cantor also wussed out on debates in 2010, saying they were “too busy at work,” but Cantor was not too busy to go on a book tour promoting his book Young Guns.

Sometimes the strategy of ducking debates works; sometimes it doesn’t (in 1968, Nixon didn’t debate and saw his big lead over Humphrey shrink to 0.7 percent on Election Day). But regardless of the political calculation, it is wussiness personified. Democratic commentator Paul Begala said it best: “There are few potentially unscripted moments in a campaign and I think people ought to know ... if the candidate can’t handle a single interaction with the opponent, how are they going to handle the pressures of office?” Paul’s dead right. Debates are at the heart of the democratic process, and candidates have a duty to participate. When I ran for reelection as mayor and governor I received 80 percent and 61 percent of the vote, respectively, but I debated because I respected the process. By the way, Governor Rick Perry of Texas refused to debate his challenger Bill White when he was seeking reelection in 2010. After watching him in the 2011 presidential primary debates, we can understand why!

5.   They Refuse to Stand by Their Votes

To me, there is little worse than an incumbent running for reelection who tries to hide from votes he or she has cast. I have already discussed the prime example of this: Democrats in 2010 who voted for health care reform trying to hide that fact from the voters. Or Democrats or Republicans who voted for the financial services and auto industry bailouts and then tried to push that fact under the rug rather than defending them as votes that were hard but drastically necessary and that turned out to be successful in averting full-fledged disaster. There also were many Democrats who did gymnastics to avoid taking responsibility for voting to authorize the Iraq War (“I was against it before I was for it”).

4.   They Refuse to Speak in Front of Protesters

A real profile in wussiness? Tough-talking Eric Cantor was scheduled to give a speech at the Wharton School in Philadelphia on October 21, 20 II. He pulled out and refused to come after discovering that the speech, on income inequality, was to be open to the public and that protesters from Occupy Philadelphia, the AFLCIO, and MoveOn.org were planning to attend. The school denied that his speech was ever to be closed to the public. But what difference does it make? A skilled public speaker can almost always turn the presence of unruly protesters to his advantage, making them look bad and himself look good. And come on,

Eric, you bill yourself as a “young gun”; you can handle the Occupy guys. Or should your book be retitled Young Wusses? But Eric is not alone. Politicians of both parties routinely back out when protesters arrive. Many Democrats and Republicans fled in August 2009 when Tea Party members arrived to protest health care reform. The best example of courage under fire that summer came from Senator Arlen Specter, who faced down Tea Party protesters at one of his own town meetings. He looked tough, courageous, and the epitome of a non-wuss.

3.   They Change Their Positions as Early and as Often as You Change Your Socks

Egad, you could write a book about how politicians change positions to curry favor with the voters. I do believe that when you are confronted with changed facts it is okay to change your position on an issue. So if you voted to authorize the Iraq War because you believed that Saddam really did have weapons of mass destruction and then, when time revealed that there was no evidence that he had any, you could then legitimately change your position and be against the war. But when there is no material change in facts and your position shift is for purely political reasons, that is wussiness of the first degree. For example, Mitt Romney on abortion and gun control. Or Newt Gingrich saying that the Ryan budget was “radical right-wing social engineering” and then, faced with conservative criticism, the very next day saying that he “erred.” What convinced Newt that he made a mistake? What new fact did he learn? Or did he change because of criticism from Rush Limbaugh, Charles Krauthammer, and others? Take a bow, Newt, you are an all-star wuss!

2.   They Run from Their Allies at the First Hint of Trouble

See how they run. Many people in politics have the loyalty of a snake. Actually, that’s probably unfair to snakes. When things are going well for you in politics, other elected officials want to be seen with you, want your help, want their picture with you, and so on. But if you fall out of favor, you might feel like you have developed leprosy. A case in point: A former governor of Maryland, Parris Glendening, who had used President Clinton’s help in the past, snubbed him twice after the Monica Lewinsky scandal broke and refused to appear with him. Then when it became clear that President Clinton had retained his popularity, the governor asked him to come to Maryland to do a fund-raiser for him. This was, even for politicians, a completely amazing transmogrification (a College Board word) of the governor’s position. President Obama, whom virtually everybody adored in 2008, is going through some similar experiences in 2012. He carried the city of Detroit in 2008 with 74 percent of the vote, and yet when he appeared there in mid-2011 not a single member of the state’s congressional delegation showed up. Simply amazing. Give those wusses the red badge of courage. Even worse, Senator Claire McCaskill, who was a key Obama supporter in 2008 because she legitimized women not being for Hillary, didn’t show up in 2011 when the president took his jobs pitch to St. Louis, where he was also doing a fund-raiser. She remained in DC, explaining on Twitter that if she went with the president she would have been criticized for “hobnobbing with big donors.” Come on, Claire, you have been a great senator and usually displayed limitless courage. You’re too smart to think that by staying away from the president people will forget you were a strong supporter!

1.   They Take Credit for Things They Voted Against

Nothing is worse, nothing is more hypocritical, and yes, nothing is wussier than a politician voting against a program and then turning around and attending a ribbon cutting of a project it funded, acting like he or she was responsible for the program becoming law or, alternatively, asking for money from the program for projects in the district.

The ultimate example of this happened after passage of the heavily criticized stimulus bill. Not one Republican in the House and only three in the Senate voted for the stimulus, and almost all of them reviled it, scorned it, and savaged it. Nevertheless, that didn’t stop them from asking for money from it or attending ribbon cuttings that followed its implementation. A total of 128 Republican congressmen did just that, including some big names:

The holier-than-thou Paul Ryan (WI), who had called the stimulus “a wasteful spending spree” that “misses the mark on all counts,” wrote Secretary of Labor Hilda Solis for a grant from the stimulus so a group in his district could “place a thousand workers in green energy jobs.” Another hypocrite, “young gun” Eric Cantor (VA), ripped the bill and then asked for money from it for high-speed rail in his district. Presidential candidate and anti-government spending Ron Paul (TX) nevertheless asked for $3 billion for NASA from the bill. Kevin McCarthy (CA), a House leader, sent out a release taking credit for getting money for a new federal courthouse-”we worked together for years to overcome many obstacles”—but never mentioned that the money came from the stimulus. Steve Scalise (LA) did the same thing, taking credit for getting a COPS grant (money to buy police technology equipment), again without mentioning that the funds came from the stimulus program. Tim Johnson (IL) and Bob Shuster (PA) both attended groundbreakings for grants for an intermodal transportation facility and a sewage treatment plant, respectively, taking credit for stimulus-funded projects. Good grief! What chutzpah! The same thing happened to me when as governor I proposed spending $220 million to put laptops on the desks of every high school in the state and give teachers a smart board and training on how to use this technology to teach. It revolutionized high school in our state. The students caught fire and paid rapt attention. Solving problems on computers was challenging, but fun and rewarding, too. The students, teachers, and parents all fell in love with the program, called “Classrooms for the Future,” and so did Republican legislators, almost none of whom voted to support it, and almost all of whom denounced it as “wasteful spending.” Notwithstanding this, they would visit the “classrooms for the future,” taking credit for the program. I bet that the words “Governor Rendell” were never uttered once during any of those visits. In fact, a Republican state representative sponsored a bill proclaiming “Classrooms for the Future Day,” and it passed unanimously. Guess whose name didn’t appear once in the proclamation lauding the great state program. Ah, I’m a prophet without honor, even in my home state!


From A Nation of Wusses by Ed Rendell. Copyright © 2012 by Ed Rendell and reprinted by permission of John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

  ©2012 The Pennsylvania Gazette
Last modified 08/31/12