Baker Rodrigo Ocumpaugh Monitoring Protocol (BROMP)

BROMP is a protocol for Quantitative Field Observations (QFOs) of student affect and behavior. It has also been used to code teacher behaviors. BROMP is currently in version 2.0.

BROMP was first developed by Ryan Baker and Ma. Mercedes T. Rodrigo. BROMP is now led in the United States by Jaclyn Ocumpaugh.

BROMP is a holistic coding procedure that has been used in thousands of hours of field observations of students from kindergarten to undergraduate populations. It has been used for several purposes, including to study the engagement of students participating in a range of classroom activities (both activities involving technology and more traditional classroom activities) and to obtain data for use in developing automated models of student engagement with Educational Data Mining (EDM).

A range of coding schemes have been used with the BROMP protocol. Students are observed individually, in a pre-determined sequence in order to avoid bias towards more interesting classroom activities. Observers have up to 20 seconds to determine which behavior and which affective state a student is exhibiting, but they record only the first of each.

A summary of research involving BROMP is available within:

Baker, R.S., Ocumpaugh, J.L., Andres, J.M.A.L. (in press) BROMP Quantitative Field Observations: A Review. In R. Feldman (Ed.) Learning Science: Theory, Research, and Practice. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. [pdf]

Additional information about the practical aspects of using BROMP is available through our training manual:

Ocumpaugh, J., Baker, R.S., Rodrigo, M.M.T. (2015) Baker Rodrigo Ocumpaugh Monitoring Protocol (BROMP) 2.0 Technical and Training Manual. Technical Report. New York, NY: Teachers College, Columbia University. Manila, Philippines: Ateneo Laboratory for the Learning Sciences. [pdf]

Using the BROMP coding scheme is facilitated by the HART Android app, available free of charge for non-commerical or academic use. HART can be obtained from this link.

BROMP Certification

To date, over 150 people have obtained official certification as BROMP-certified coders. The training to become a BROMP-certified coder takes approximately one day on-site, and BROMP-certified coders can train and certify other individuals. Achieving BROMP certification involves obtaining inter-rater agreement of over 0.6 (Cohen's Kappa) in field settings with a previously certified coder. For more information on arranging BROMP certification, please contact Ryan Baker.

BROMP certification is now available in the USA, Philippines, India, England, China, and the United Arab Emirates.

Publications

BROMP has been used in dozens peer-reviewed publications. A review of this work can be found in

Baker, R.S., Ocumpaugh, J.L., Andres, J.M.A.L. (in press) BROMP Quantitative Field Observations: A Review. In R. Feldman (Ed.) Learning Science: Theory, Research, and Practice. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. [pdf]