The lawyer whom many credit with saving Roe vs. Wade in 1992 has brought her passion for constitutional law to a radio show being produced out of the Annenberg Schools Public Policy Center.
Photo by Candace diCarlo
A new radio show about constitutional law has become an unlikely hit. The first 13 episodes of Justice Talking were so successful that it was picked up by 47 public radio stations more than double the number the production team at the Annenberg Public Policy Center (APPC) had expected.
Hosting the show and heading the production team is nationally known reproductive-health and civil rights attorney Kathryn Kolbert, who has successfully argued cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. Kolbert, a senior fellow at the APPC, is one of the 100 most influential lawyers in America according to the National Law Journal.
The show has some lofty goals to increase public understanding of constitutional law and to develop a method of discourse that encourages individuals to develop thoughtful approaches to the issues that continue to haunt the public policy debate.
With 26 more episodes now in production and a 52-week commercial-radio version in preparation, the show, which is taped in historic Carpenters Hall in Philadelphia, no longer has to scramble to fill its live audience or find its radio audience.
Q. Which of the shows youve done so far are your favorites?
A. I think both the best radio and the ones that are the most fun for me are those in which the issues are closer rather than more polarized. I like it when our guests are people who have actually litigated the cases. I also think that that the shows in which the audience is the most personally involved are the best.
Q. Can you give me an example?
A. For example, we did a show on the right to die and we had a number of audience members who were either involved in the hospice movement or who had family members who had recently passed away or had thought a lot about these issues from a personal perspective. The audience participation for that show was really quite wonderful because they brought their own experience to the debate.
In the Nuremberg Files show, the guests didnt disagree about the overall politics of abortion so much, but had different views of the First Amendment and therefore were close politically but very different on this particular issue.
The school voucher show, which was in the first series, brought tremendous public interest and emotional affect from the audience.
Q. Why are you taping in Carpenters Hall when, on radio, no
one can see the venue?
A.Well the nice part of about Carpenters Hall is that the size of the forum is appropriate. But in addition, it lends a seriousness to the debate because of the historical nature of the hall that has just been fabulous. And people respond to the environment.
Q. How was the experience of arguing before the Supreme Court?
A. Oh, it was an experience of a lifetime. Ive actually argued two cases before the court, and been involved in many, many more as part of the legal team or in other roles, writing defense briefs or asking the court to take a number of cases. So a great part of my practice since 1986 has been a Supreme Court practice.
Yes, its always a scary experience. And particularly in the cases I did, which were so highly watched, it was quite a thrill.
On the other hand, the fact that there was so much interest, in my view the lawyer is really the irrelevant party by the time a case of that magnitude gets to the court.
Q. How is the lawyer irrelevant?
A. It seems to me certainly in the abortion arena the court is looking to a range of factors, particularly in Planned Parenthood vs. Casey, which was the case in 1992 which asked the court whether or not Roe vs. Wade continued to be the law of the land. The court said yes it does. They changed the way that theyre going to look at abortion cases, to give slightly more effect to the interests of the fetus, but nevertheless maintained a constitutional right to choose thats valid up until viability. The institutional integrity of the court, the precedents it has set, what the best way to resolve these intractable issues and a wide range of public opinion [have more impact than the lawyer].
Certainly a good oral argument can win a case. Its more likely that a bad oral argument can lose the case as opposed to the other way around.
I think that cases of this magnitude are so closely watched and taken so seriously by the court that it is really the reaction of the American people that made a difference in Casey. I think there was widespread belief that the court should not change courses merely because of the changing composition of the members of the court that they owed an obligation not only to the institution of law but to the institution of this particular court, to avoid the appearance of changing their route for political purposes.
Q. Do you think Justice Talking might have an impact?
A. I think an educated public on these issues is very, very important, not only for the functioning of the court, but the functioning of how these issues are resolved in the long term.
Because things that happen in the court are not in and of themselves. If laws are struck down as unconstitutional, the issues go back to the legislatures, or theyre resolved among private parties.
Q. Are you saying the courts are political?
A. What Im saying is they are the check and balance to the political system. The nice part about the courts is they do have an obligation to insure that the rights of minorities, those who are not heard in the political process, are preserved and protected. That is the primary role of courts. Nevertheless, it seems to me the views of Americans on a range of issues do influence judges because judges are a part of that society, and as society changes and grows, the law changes and grows.
Q. I understand you will be teaching a College of General Studies
seminar, Religion and Public Policy, in the spring. Do you have a particular
interest in religion as a constitutional issue?
A. The greatest and most contentious public policy debates today really involve the interplay between religion and public policy, religion and government. In the reproductive rights arena I became very interested in efforts by churches to exempt themselves from statutory obligations, whether they be civil rights mandates or other kinds of reproductive health care mandates.
I was involved in a number of cases years ago challenging mergers between Catholic and non-Catholic hospitals, where the Catholic hospitals refused to continue to provide reproductive health services once the merger was complete. So Im interested to see really what are the legal underpinnings to that decision and whether or not its appropriate as a matter of public policy.
Similarly in the end-of-life issues around health care, theres a variety of efforts of religious organizations to impose their views on whoever participates in their institutions, and that to me is a question that has to be resolved as a matter of public policy.
For tickets to upcoming tapings, call 215-573-8828. Leave a message for which show and how many tickets. For a list of upcoming topics and taping dates, either phone (same number) or consult the Web page, justicetalking.org.
Originally published on December 2, 1999