Dr. Donald Kettl, professor of political science
University of Pennsylvania
* Director of Penn's Fels Institute of Government
* Co-editor of the book " On Risk and Disaster: Lessons from Hurricane Katrina"
* Author of "System Under Stress: Homeland Security and American Politics" and the Senate Homeland Security Committee report, "Fixing FEMA"
* Served as a White House advisor during both Republican and Democratic administrations
"The one thing that was most missing in the aftermath of Katrina was a clear sense of operational awareness -- how to drive the system so that it dealt with the realities on the ground. To redraft the plan without taking those realities into account, and to fail to involve state and local governments more closely, is to court yet again the failure that dogged all levels of government after Katrina struck."