Dr. Toni Bowers
Associate Professor of English
University of Pennsylvania
â˘ Dr. Bowersâ research specialty is the early history of the Tory party.
â˘ She is the author of âThe Politics of Motherhood: British Writing and Culture, 1660-1760.â Her newly completed book manuscript is entitled âForce or Fraud: British Seduction Stories and the Problem of Resistance, 1660-1760.â
â˘ Dr. Bowers is currently working on a book about the 1707 Union of England and Scotland
âFrom its inception, the Tory party has stood for holding the line on traditional ideas, values and privileges. The 17th- and 18th-century ancestors of today's Tory party were different in many ways from their 21st century descendants, of course. Still, it is hard not to notice in today's Tory party leadersâ assumptions about their own entitlement, and a reluctance to embrace the new, that can remind a historian of the Tory habits that, among other factors, made the first six decades of the 18th century a very difficult time for the party.â