Dr. Toni Bowers
Associate Professor of English
University of Pennsylvania
â€˘ Dr. Bowersâ€™ research specialty is the early history of the Tory party.
â€˘ She is the author of â€śThe Politics of Motherhood: British Writing and Culture, 1660-1760.â€ť Her newly completed book manuscript is entitled â€śForce or Fraud: British Seduction Stories and the Problem of Resistance, 1660-1760.â€ť
â€˘ Dr. Bowers is currently working on a book about the 1707 Union of England and Scotland
â€śFrom its inception, the Tory party has stood for holding the line on traditional ideas, values and privileges. The 17th- and 18th-century ancestors of today's Tory party were different in many ways from their 21st century descendants, of course. Still, it is hard not to notice in today's Tory party leadersâ€™ assumptions about their own entitlement, and a reluctance to embrace the new, that can remind a historian of the Tory habits that, among other factors, made the first six decades of the 18th century a very difficult time for the party.â€ť