PHILADELPHIA — Roughly half of all black and Hispanic patients who enter publicly funded alcohol treatment programs complete treatment, compared to 62 percent of white patients, according to a new study from a team of researchers including the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. Comparable disparities were also identified for drug treatment program completion rates.
Penn Medicine: Simulated Mission to Mars Reveals Critical Data About Astronauts' Sleep and Activity Needs
PHILADELPHIA — In the first study of its kind, a team of researchers led by faculty at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and the Baylor College of Medicine, has analyzed data on the impact of prolonged operational confinement on sleep, performance, and mood in astronauts from a groundbreaking international effort to simulate a 520-day space mission to Mars.
Penn Research Shows Mountains Are Only Minor Contributors to Sediment Erosion and Climate Regulation
PHILADELPHIA — Though churning smokestacks, cud-chewing cows and gasoline-burning vehicles are contributing constantly to greenhouse gas emissions, there are also many processes that do the reverse, pulling molecules like carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere. One of these is chemical weathering, which occurs when rock turns into soil. Carbon dioxide molecules and rain combine to dissolve rock, and the weathering products, including sediment, eventually make their way through waterways to the ocean where some become trapped on the ocean bottom and in coral reefs and seashells.
Pablo Tebas of the Perelman School of Medicine is highlighted for leading research that supports high-dose flu vaccine for people with HIV.
Douglas Smith of the Perelman School of Medicine comments on brain-injury research.
PHILADELPHIA — Directed assembly is a growing field of research in nanotechnology in which scientists and engineers aim to manufacture structures on the smallest scales without having to individually manipulate each component. Rather, they set out precisely defined starting conditions and let the physics and chemistry that govern those components do the rest.
Penn’s Field Center for Children’s Policy, Practice & Research Works To Change Child Protection Laws
A lot can change in a year.
One year ago, Pennsylvania’s General Assembly established a Task Force on Child Protection to review child-abuse-reporting procedures and laws. In November, the Task Force issued a 400-page report outlining its proposal for revisions to the child abuse-reporting laws in Pennsylvania.
PHILADELPHIA — Calpain, a calcium-regulated enzyme, is essential to a host of cellular processes, but can cause severe problems in its overactivated state. It has been implicated as a factor in muscular dystrophy, AIDS, Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis, and cancer. As such, finding and exploiting calpain inhibitors is an important area of research.