Botanical Aspects of Environment and Economy at Gordion, Turkey
Naomi F. Miller
288 pages | 8 1/2 x 11 | 52 illus.
Cloth 2010 | ISBN 978-1-934536-15-5 | $69.95s | £45.50 | Add to cart
Ebook 2011 | ISBN 978-1-934536-50-6 | $69.95s | £45.50 | About | Add to cart
Distributed for the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
"Miller makes it clear that the plant remains from Gordion do not merely provide information about the environmental setting but, rather, serve as an insight into the economic and social structures in which the site's inhabitants lived. . . . Gordion superbly presents Naomi Miller's research and simultaneously gifts us with an invaluable resource that should continue to serve academics for decades to come."—Environmental Archaeology
"This eagerly awaited volume by Naomi F. Miller on the archaeobotanical evidence from Gordion . . . is a valuable contribution to the field. Gordion is famous as the home of the Phrygian king Midas and the site where Alexander the Great cut the Gordion knot before his conquest of Asia. This volume is unique in its breadth. Miller discusses the environment and economy at Gordion by integrating wood charcoal and charred seed analyses from the middle Bronze Age to the Medieval period. . . . This volume also has a sense of being a personal account of Miller's more than twenty-year involvement in archaeology at Gordion. Her affinity with the site and knowledge of the surrounding landscape provide extra depth to her analysis."—Ancient Near Eastern Studies
The archaeological site of Gordion is most famous as the home of the Phrygian king Midas and as the place where Alexander the Great cut the Gordian knot on his way to conquer Asia. Located in central Anatolia (present-day Turkey) near the confluence of the Porsuk and Sakarya rivers, Gordion also lies on historic trade routes between east and west as well as north to the Black Sea. Favorably situated for long-distance trade, Gordion's setting is marginal for agricultural cultivation but well suited to pastoral production. It is therefore not surprising that with the exception of a single Chalcolithic site, the earliest settlements in the region are fairly late—they date to the Early Bronze Age (late 3rd millennium B.C.). The earliest known levels of Gordion, too, date to the Early Bronze Age, and occupation of at least some part of the site was nearly continuous through at least Roman times (second half of the 1st century B.C.).
This work is a contribution to both the archaeobotany of west Asia and the archaeology of the site of Gordion. The book's major concern is understanding long-term changes in the environment and in land use. An important finding, with implications for modern land management, is that the most sustainable use of this landscape involves mixed farming of dry-farmed cereals, summer-irrigated garden crops, and animal husbandry. The large number of samples from the 1988-89 seasons analyzed here make this a rich source for understanding other materials from the Gordion excavations and for comparison with other sites in west Asia.
Naomi F. Miller is an archaeobotanist and member of the Near East Section at the Penn Museum. She is author of Drawing on the Past: An Archaeologist's Sketchbook, editor of Economy and Settlement in the Near East: Analyses of Ancient Sites and Materials, and coeditor (with Kathryn Gleason) of The Archaeology of Garden and Field, all of which are available from the University of Pennsylvania Press.