Religion in Republican Rome
Rationalization and Ritual Change
328 pages | 6 x 9
Cloth 2012 | ISBN 978-0-8122-4394-9 | $69.95s | £45.50 | Add to cart
Ebook 2012 | ISBN 978-0-8122-0657-9 | $69.95s | £45.50 | About | Add to cart
A volume in the Empire and After series
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"An erudite and fascinating book, and a very serious contribution to our understanding of the Roman republic."—Jeffrey Tatum, Victoria University of Wellington
"This study is the most recent contribution to the area of Roman Republican religion by one of the most significant historians of that field in the 21st century. Drawing on the observations of Max Weber and Wolfgang Schluchter, Rüpke presents a brilliant, erudite argument that Roman Republican religion evolved through a process of rationalization that began in the fourth century B.C.E. and culminated with the rise of the Principate in the first century B.C.E."—Choice
Roman religion as we know it is largely the product of the middle and late republic, the period falling roughly between the victory of Rome over its Latin allies in 338 B.C.E. and the attempt of the Italian peoples in the Social War to stop Roman domination, resulting in the victory of Rome over all of Italy in 89 B.C.E. This period witnessed the expansion and elaboration of large public rituals such as the games and the triumph as well as significant changes to Roman intellectual life, including the emergence of new media like the written calendar and new genres such as law, antiquarian writing, and philosophical discourse.
In Religion in Republican Rome Jörg Rüpke argues that religious change in the period is best understood as a process of rationalization: rules and principles were abstracted from practice, then made the object of a specialized discourse with its own rules of argument and institutional loci. Thus codified and elaborated, these then guided future conduct and elaboration. Rüpke concentrates on figures both famous and less well known, including Gnaeus Flavius, Ennius, Accius, Varro, Cicero, and Julius Caesar. He contextualizes the development of rational argument about religion and antiquarian systematization of religious practices with respect to two complex processes: Roman expansion in its manifold dimensions on the one hand and cultural exchange between Greece and Rome on the other.
Jörg Rüpke is Fellow in Religious Studies at the Max Weber Center at the University of Erfurt. He is author or editor of several books, including Religion of the Romans.