"The Abencerraje" and "Ozmín and Daraja"
Two Sixteenth-Century Novellas from Spain
Edited and translated by Barbara Fuchs, Larissa Brewer-García, and Aaron J. Ilika
Since its publication in 1561, an anonymous tale of love, friendship, and chivalry has captivated readers in Spain and across Europe. "The Abencerraje" tells of the Moorish knight Abindarráez, whose plans to wed are interrupted when he is taken prisoner by Christian knights. His captor, a Spanish governor, befriends and admires the Moorish knight, ultimately releasing him to marry his beloved. Their enormously popular tale was repeated or imitated in numerous ballads and novels; when the character Don Quixote is wounded in his first sortie, he imagines himself as Abindarráez on the field.
Several decades later, in the tense years leading up to the expulsion of the Moriscos from Spain, Mateo Alemán reprised themes from this romance in his novel Guzmán de Alfarache. In his version, the Moorish lady Daraja is captured by the Catholic monarchs Ferdinand and Isabel; she and her lover Ozmín are forced to engage in a variety of ruses to protect their union until they are converted to Christianity and married. Though "Ozmín and Daraja" is more elaborate in execution than "The Abencerraje," both tales show deep sympathy for their Moorish characters.
Faithfully translated into modern, accessible English, these finely wrought literary artifacts offer rich imaginings of life on the Christian-Muslim frontier. Contextualized with a detailed introduction, along with contemporary legal documents, polemics, and ballads, "The Abencerraje" and "Ozmín and Daraja" reveals early modern Spain's profound fascination with the Moorish culture that was officially denounced and persecuted. By recalling the intimate and sympathetic bonds that often connected Christians to the heritage of Al-Andalus, these tales of romance and companionship offer a nuanced view of relationships across a religious divide.
Barbara Fuchs is Professor of Spanish and English at the University of California, Los Angeles, where she also directs the Center for 17th- and 18th-Century Studies and the Clark Memorial Library. She is author of The Poetics of Piracy: Emulating Spain in English Literature and Exotic Nation: Maurophilia and the Construction of Early Modern Spain as well as cotranslator of Cervantes's "The Bagnios of Algiers" and "The Great Sultana": Two Plays of Captivity, which are all available from University of Pennsylvania Press.
Larissa Brewer-García is a Postdoctoral Fellow in the Society of Fellows in the Liberal Arts at Princeton University.
Aaron J. Ilika is an independent scholar and translator based in Portland, Oregon.