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and Sciences.  Open to all undergraduate students, the minor offers both a studio and a liberal arts concentration.
Legal Studies and History
The History Department of the College of Arts and Sciences and the Wharton School’s Legal Studies Department jointly sponsor this University minor. As an academic subject, law stands at a disciplinary crossroads where many of the liberal arts and social sciences intersect. This minor seeks to expose students to multiple points of view about law and public policy as general preparation for careers or graduate studies in law, government, journalism, health care, business, international affairs, or the nonprofit sector. Additional information about the minor can be viewed online at http://lgst.wharton.upenn. edu/Programs_concentrations& minors_minor_req.htm.
Nursing and Health Services Management
With the rise of managed care in the United States, it is important for health professionals and those associated with health care delivery to understand not only the clinical factors that affect patients, but also the business environment in which health care institutions function.  Recognizing this fact, the School of Nursing, the Wharton School, and the College of Arts and Sciences offer the University Minor in Nursing and Health Services Management.  The minor consists of eight courses which allow students from throughout the University to understand the nature of the economic and managerial constraints that face health care organizations and how these constraints can be effectively managed to provide the best possible health care for patients.  Additional information about the minor can be found in the School of Nursing Undergraduate Student Handbook, available online at http://www.nursing.upenn.edu/ students/handbooks/.
Nutrition
Because nutrition plays an integral role in so many aspects of human existence, Penn's University Minor in Nutrition is designed to cross academic disciplines and break traditional academic boundaries.  Jointly sponsored by the School of Arts and Sciences and the School of Nursing, the Nutrition minor presents a broad view of the field, and illustrates the pervasiveness of nutrition-related issues in such diverse disciplines as anthropology, economics, folklore, history, physiology, health care and public policy. The University Minor in Nutrition is designed to give each student flexibility in his or her course selection.  An advising program encourages students to take maximum advantage of this flexibility by helping them select the courses that best complement their career goals.  Additional information about the minor is available at www.nursing.upenn.edu/nutrition/.
Organizations and Environmental Management
The Earth and Environmental Science Department, in cooperation with the Wharton School and the School of Engineering, offers a University Minor in Organizations and Environmental Management, to address the growing importance of the environment as a factor in organizational decision-making. It allows students both to understand the nature of the environmental constraints that face organizations and individuals in the modern world, and to understand how these constraints can effectively be considered as part of the decision-making process in organizations. The minor consists of six courses designed to give students broad exposure to an interdisciplinary approach to the study of the environment. All students must take at least two
Wharton courses to fulfill the requirements for the
minor. Additional information is available online at
http: //environment.wharton.upenn.edu/Courses _undergrad_minor.htm.
Urban Education
The crisis in American education continues to confound major sectors of American life. National attention has engaged various constituencies – business organizations, local, state and federal governments, teacher’s unions and associations, and universities – in trying to understand and ameliorate public education. At Penn, students and faculty have become deeply involved in local schools through community service, research, and academically-based service learning. In response to student interest in community and education issues, the College of Arts and Sciences and the Graduate School of Education offer an interdisciplinary minor in Urban Education. This seven-course undergraduate minor offers students a unique opportunity to bridge learning between the classroom and the community. Additional information is available online at http://www.sas.upenn.edu/urban
/minor-education.html
.
Urban Real Estate and Development
The University Minor in Urban Real Estate and Development, sponsored by the Real Estate Department (the Wharton School) and the Urban Studies Department (College of Arts and Sciences) is designed to enable students to combine an interest in urban public policy issues with an understanding of real estate development. Additional information is available online at www.sas.upenn.edu/urban.
JOINT DEGREE PROGRAMS
Computer and Cognitive Science
This program combines either the Bachelor of Applied Science (BAS) or the Bachelor of Science in Engineering (BSE) from Penn Engineering with a Bachelor of Arts (BA) from the College of Arts and Sciences in